UN Decade on Biodiversity
The leading idea of the UN assessment dated October 15, 2012 is the interconnection between preserving biodiversity in growing urban areas: “Biodiversity Conservation can improve human health in world’s growing cities. Integrating ecosystems into urban planning can deliver major economic benefits and reduce environmental damage.”
The assessment presented in Hyderabad (India) is the result of work of more than 123 scientists from all over the world. The report states that 60 per cent of the land expected to become urban by 2030. The world’s total urban area is going to be tripled by 2030 with the doubled number of urban population up to 4.9 billion people. This urban expansion will severely influence water and other natural resources supply. However, this expansion could be a great opportunity to significantly improve global sustainability by promoting low-carbon, resource-efficient urban development and on the contrary mitigate negative impact on biodiversity and improve quality of life.
By 2030 scientists project more than 60 per cent of the global population reside in cities. Therefore there is a necessity to pay greater attention to urban planning and management of the nature-based assets within city boundaries. “Cities need to learn how to better protect and enhance biodiversity, because rich biodiversity can exist in cities and is extremely critical to people’s health and well-being”, said Professor Thomas Elmqvist of the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Scientific