New Approaches to Achieve Aichi Targets
First objectives were set 20 years ago in 1992 in Rio when the convention on biodiversity was adopted. The Global Environment Outlook-5 (GEO 5) established 90 key sustainability targets. According to Ms. Amina Mohamed, the Deputy Executive Director of UNEP, the world failed to reach the target of a significant reduction rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. In fact, only few key targets were achieved.
The solutions and outcomes of Rio+20 give us a renewed hope and opportunity to achieve the objectives of the convention on Biodiversity. Since then UNEP and the CBD Secretariat have identified areas for enhanced programmatic collaboration and cooperation in the context of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Aichi biodiversity targets. Initiatives such as the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity and work on establishing an Intergovernmental Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services can be named as successful tools towards sustainable world. Ms. Amina Mohamed stressed that costs of inaction are far higher and will increase. The world suffers everyday losses, especially the poor. They are the first to suffer as a result of unsustainable management of natural resources management.
Also the role of the private sector as well as its responsibility to enhance equity for all sectors of the society within the rules and regulations put in place by governments is critical and must be emphasized.
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, the Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity emphasized the necessity to mobilize the financial resources needed to enable developing countries to achieve the Aichi Targets at national level. In doing so, we will need to be creative and involve all possible partners. New approaches and mechanisms need to be adopted, emphasizing the leveraging of resources from existing sources through mainstreaming, incorporating sustainability criteria in government procurement, reviewing and adjusting of economic instruments, and further engaging the business sector.