Upcoming Doha Conference
The most important climate negotiations of the year, the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will take place from Monday, 26 November to Friday, 7 December 2012 at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha, Qatar.
Priorities for the Conference have been determined: the Brazilian Ambassador Luiz Alberto Figueiredo says that delegates need to extent the Kyoto protocol and the rules for a longer-term agreement at the event. He emphasizes that stronger greenhouse gas reduction should be postponed until the next year, as the Kyoto protocol, the basic foundation of international discussions, expires at the end of the year. He believes that a powerful second commitment period needs to be set and last until 2020, when a new “internationally binding protocol” will come into effect.
The second phase of Kyoto is expected to go ahead with lesser countries in comparison to the first deal originated in 1997. The first phase was not ratified by the US as this protocol was not imposed on China, India and Brazil. This time Japan, Russia, Canada and New Zealand have already declared their determination not to sign up to a second commitment period.
Beforehand a new commitment phase will be signed by the EU countries, Australia, Norway and Switzerland. The nature of international negotiations is slow as it demands work by consensus, which the Ambassador is hoping to reach at the upcoming Doha talks.